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Causes of Wildlife Extinction

Introduction to Wildlife extinction:

Wildlife refers to all non-domesticated plants, animals & other organisms. Domesticating of wild plant & animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all over the world, and has a major impact on the environment, both positive and negative. Wildlife conservation is an activity carried out to protect the earth’s biological diversity.

Wildlife can be found in all the ecosystems. Deserts, rain forests, plains, & other areas, including the most developed urban sites, with distinct forms of wildlife. In popular culture ecosystem usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factor.

Extinction refers to the end of an organism or group of organisms. The moment of extinction is generally the death of the last individual of that species with the strength to recover. Since, a species' potential range may be very large, determining this moment is difficult, & is usually done retrospectively. So, wildlife extinction refers to the end of the wildlife species.


Causes of Wildlife Extinction

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  • Habitat destruction
  • Introduction of Exotic species
  • Overexploitation
  • Climate change/ Global warming

Sectors Affected by Wildlife Extinction

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  • Medicine
  • Agriculture
  • Ecology
  • Commercial
  • Aesthetic/ Recreational

Prevention of Wildlife Extinction

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  • Making space for Wildlife
  • Recycle, Reduce and Reuse
  • Planting plants native to the local area
  • Controlling induced Plants and animals
  • Becoming aware by Joining organisations
  • Safe driving
  • Making a platform by raising voice

Examples of Extinct Species

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  • Northern Sumatran Rhinocerous
  • Himalayan Quail
  • Pink headed duck
  • Cheetah
  • Asiatic lion
  • Indian Aurochs
  • Ratites
  • Ducks, geese and swans
  • Great Auk
  • Cave Lion
  • Dodo
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Clockwise from top: Aurochs, Great Auk, Dodo, Cave Lion

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