To get the best deal on Tutoring, call 1-855-666-7440 (Toll Free)
Top

Characteristics of Non-living Things

Characteristics of Non-living things

Introduction to Characteristics of Non-living things

The world consists of both living and non living things. Any object that does not possess “Life” or living characteristics is a non living thing. A living cell is made up of a number of organic and inorganic chemical substances that are themselves nonliving, yet when present in the living body become vital constituents.

 

Characteristics of Nonliving Things

Back to Top

The basic Characteristics of Non-living things are described as following -

  • The most important characteristic of nonliving things is the absence of  protoplasm, the fundamental basis of life. For example, cells are absent in stones or any non living things.
  • Due to the absence of protoplasm, no metabolic activities are possible in the nonliving things.
  • The structural organization like tissue, organ or system is never found in nonliving things.
  • The nonliving things usually do not have any definite form or size of their own. Liquids assume the shape of the container. A liquid like water when heated changes into the gaseous state or can be even frozen into the solid state and thus it has no definite form.
  • The movement, if observed, is never automatic but occurs under any other external influence.
  • Another Characteristics of Non-living things is that growth occurs by accretion, i.e. by addition of materials from outside. For example a crystal in a solution or a snowball may grow larger in size due to the accumulation of particles of its own unit on the outer surface of the original body.
  • The absence of nutrition, excretion, respiration, reproduction, irritability and adaptation are the characteristics of nonliving things.
  • The unlimited duration of existence or immortality is a vital characteristic of nonliving things.

Classification Based on Characteristics of Non Living Things

Back to Top

All non living matters on the earth can be classified into two primary types based on the characteristic of nonliving things.

  • Nonliving things which were never part of a living entity. Glass, stone or gold or any chemical elements are all such examples.
  • Nonliving things which though are presently non living but were once a part of living entity. Best example is of coal that was formed as a result of death and decomposition of living plants. Paper is itself non-living thing, but it is also made from trees.

*AP and SAT are registered trademarks of the College Board.