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Taiga Biome Food Chain

Introduction to taiga biome food chain

Taiga biome is mostly composed of conifers, cone-bearing with needle shaped leaves, or scale-leaved evergreen trees. Conifer is trees that generate seeds in cones. Conifer leaves are bushy and have shiny layer that covers their leaves, which is also known as needles. Taiga also known as the boreal woodland is a biome distinguished by coniferous forests.

Taiga or boreal forests are the largest terrestrial biome on Earth.  Seasons in taiga includes short summers with moist and moderately warm climate and dry winters which are long and cold. The length of the growing season in taiga is 130 days. Temperatures are in taiga are very low with precipitation primarily in the form of snow, which is about 40-100 cm annually. The soil layer is thin with poor nutrient content and is acidic in nature. Due to the large dense canopy the penetration of light is low light taiga forests.Food chain in Tiaga bome is called taiga biome food chain.

taiga biome food chain


Taiga Biome Food Chain - Organisms of Taiga Biome are as Follows

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Plants of the taiga biome: The features of the trees found in taiga are as below

  • Conical shaped trees, which supports shedding of snow and prevents loss of branches.
  • Needle shaped leaf, reduces surface area of the leaf and minimizes water loss due to transpiration
  • Leaves are with thick waxy coatings, waterproof cuticle and sunken stomata.
  • Evergreen habit helps to retain the foliage and allows plants to perform photosynthesis as soon as temperatures become favorable in spring.
  • The dark green color of spruce and fir needles helps the foliage to absorb maximum light from the sun and perform photosynthesis as early as possible.

The most dominant tree species found in taiga biome are conifers which are well-adapted to the thin and acidic soils and harsh climate. Jack Pine, Black and white spruce species, Tamarack, and Balsam Fir are the other trees found in taiga biome.

Animals of taiga biome: The animals of the taiga biome include bear, Long-Eared Owl, woodpeckers, hawks, wolf, Snowshoe rabbit, moose, weasel, shrews, Gray Wolf, lynx, fox, deer, hares, Black Bear, chipmunks, river otter, bats, etc. Taigas are also house for hundreds of migratory birds.

Geography of Taiga Biome

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Taiga is the planet’s largest terrain biome, and makes up 27% of the world's forest cover. The taiga is the frosty terrestrial biome after the tundra and stable ice caps. The taiga or boreal forest has a sub-arctic continental weather with very large temperature range between seasons, but the long and cold winter is the dominant feature.

A biome is the type of environment in certain places, like mountain tops, deserts, and tropical forests, and is governed by the climate of the place. The taiga is the biome of the needle leaf forest. Living in the taiga is cold and lonely. Coldness and food shortages make things very hard, mostly in the winter. Some of the animals in the taiga sleep through in the winter; some fly south if they can, while some just cooperate with the environment, which is very difficult.

Location of taiga biome:

Taiga forests are located in the North America, Asia, and Europe. It occurs between 50 and 60 degrees north latitudes and boreal forests are found in the broad belt of North America and.They are found in regions where summers are short and moist winters are long and cold. Temperatures are very low and rainfall is usually in the form of snow, 40-100 cm annually.

The land in taiga forests is thin, nutrient-poor, and acidic. Shelter in these forests permits low light penetration, and as a result, under story is limited.

taiga biome food chain

Ecosystem in Taiga Food Chain

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Plant Species

The trees originate in taiga forests are narrow shaped with needle shaped leaf and evergreen pattern and dark colored. The most foremost tree species found in taiga woodlands are conifers which are well-adapted to the thin and acidic soils and ruthless climate.

Examples: Black and white spruce species, Jack Pine, Tamarack, and Balsam Fir are the other trees found in taiga forests.

Animal species

Taiga forest are the propagation basis to over 200 bird species, as well as being home to species such as Coyote, Caribou, Lynx, Timber Wolf, Black Bear, Moose, and recovering populations of Wood Bison. The fauna of the taiga woodlands also comprises bear, woodpeckers, hawks, wolf, moose, weasel, shrews, lynx, fox, deer, hares, chipmunks, and bats.

Taiga Biome Food Chain - some of the Problems which the Taiga Regions Face Are

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  • Air pollution due to smelters and power plants
  • Radioactivity from the atomic power stations and weapons testing
  • Water pollution & disruption of habitats due to commercialization of northern shipping routes become a reality
  • Adverse impact of new mineral and oil/gas extraction
  • New threats to endangered species

Importance of Tiaga Biome

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The tagia's glaciers dissolve during the summer and give fresh water to about 40%of all people on earth.

Balsam fir is one of the major food supplies for moose in the winter. Balsam fir stands as envelop in the winter because the snow is not as deep under them as in hardwood stands.

The wood of the Balsam Fir is sometimes used as wood. It is trivial, low in winding and low in conflict to shock as well. The tree is often used as a X-mas tree, pulpwood, or cottage.

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