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# Hybridization Chemistry

Hybridization is mixing up of energies of atomic orbitals of comparable energy centered on same atom and their redistribution into equal number of hybrid orbitals of similar energy and identical shape.

Important points regarding hybridization

1. Hybridization is a purely hypothetical concept.
2. The orbitals undergoing hybridization should have almost similar energies.
3. An empty half filled or fully filled orbital can involve in hybridization.
4. If n number of orbitals are hybridizing they will result into n hybridized orbitals.
5. Hybridized orbitals have better overlapping ability hence form strong bonds.
6. Only $\sigma$ bond formation is possible by hybridized orbitals, they are unable to form $\pi$ bonding.
The concept of atomic orbital should apply also to polyatomic molecules. However a satisfactory bonding scheme must account for molecular geometry. The hybridization of atomic orbitals are shown below.

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## What is Hybridization in Chemistry?

 Properties sp3 Geometry Tetrahedral Bond angle 109o28' Free p orbitals Nil Bonds formed $\sigma$ bonds Rotation of bonds Free rotation about $\sigma$ bond. Possibility of isomerism Structural isomerism % of s character and % of p character 25% s character and 75% p character