A metal which is partly made of iron and other metals to give the correct properties is called a ferrous metal. Iron is mostly referred as a ferrous metal, but the word ferrous defines to compounds containing iron.
The metals which do not contain iron are called Non- ferrous metals. These metals are not magnetic and are more resistant to corrosion in comparison to ferrous metals.
Examples: Aluminum, Copper, Lead, Zinc and Tin.
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Metals can be broadly classified as ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals.
Ferrous metals contain iron as the chief constituent. Other elements present in ferrous metals in varying proportions include carbon, silicon, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, nickel, chromium, tungsten, cobalt etc. Different types of cast irons namely grey cast iron white cast iron, malleable cast iron, nodular cast iron and various steels like low medium and high carbon steels, alloy steels, stainless steels and other special steels are the examples of ferrous metals.
It is a pure metal which is greyish-white in color. It is soft, malleable, and conductive to both heat and electricity. It is used for making aircraft, boats, window frames, saucepans, packaging and insulation, pistons and cranks.
It is a pure metal. It is red, tough, ductile, high electrical conductor, corrosion does not occur, needs frequent annealing. It is used for making electrical wire, cables and conductors, water and central heating pipes and cylinders, printed circuit boards, roofs.
It is a pure metal. An oxide layer protects it from corrosion, it is bluish-white in color. It is used for making brass. It is used for coating for steel galvanized corrugated iron roofing, tanks, buckets, rust-proof paints
It is a pure metal, white in color, soft, does not cause corrosion.
Non ferrous metals do not contain iron. Examples of non ferrous metals include aluminum, copper, zinc, lead, tin, silver etc as also a large number of their alloys like brass, bronze, gun metal. Non ferrous metals are known for their special qualities such as light weight good thermal and electrical conductivity, high resistance to corrosion, anti-magnetic property and good machinability.