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Misuse of Natural Resources

Misuse of natural resources refers to excessive use, destructive use or achieving imbalance between resources either individually or in combination. Misuse of resources can also be direct or indirect. Direct misuse refers to such situations where the resource is directly destroyed or overused. But, many times, some resources are indirectly put to misuse.

Lack of knowledge of resource and its significance leads to its misuse. Lack of knowledge about natural resource may be even with educated people or uneducated people.


Different Types of Misuse of Natural Resources

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 Natural Resource Types of misuse/ecological problems
 I Ecological Resources
 Excessive mining
 Loss of forest area (if mines are in forest)
 Displacement of population and their profession
 Loss of agricultural lands (if resource is in cultivated land)
 Dumping of ore or spent ore on surface leading to soil / water pollution
 Risks and health hazards to employees / population
 Directly contributing pollution to water / soil /air in petroleum exploration and processing industry
 II Hydro ecological Resources
 Excessive, unscientific and uneconomic ground water exploitation
 Exploration of underground water without any regard to its rate of rechange
 Displacement of human settlement during establishment of hydro-projects
 Loss of agricultural / forest area in standing water (in dam construction)
 Unscientific use / overuse of irrigation water leading to loss of fertility, increased pollution of land / water
 Loss of biodiversity
 III Atmospheric Resources
 Destructive use of atmospheric oxygen to burn carbon sources to produce CO and CO2 which in turn change the composition of air
 Deforestation on one side and polluting the atmosphere by CO2 loading on other side have led to increased CO2 levels in atmosphere
 Ozone coverage is slowly degenerating due to release of chlorine generating gases to atmosphere
 IV Edaphic resources
 Excessive pressure of population of land has led to intensive cultivation of land, without allowing the soil to have its natural organic process of recuperating biological potentiality
 Addition of chemicals on continuous basis (as fertilizers and pesticides) has destroyed ecological balance in soil
 Indiscriminate irrigation has led to salinity / availability of soil rendering them unfit for cultivation
 V Forest resources
 Continuous deforestation for commercial and fuel purposes
 Encroachment of forest area for agriculture,mining, industrial purposes
 Loss of forest area for irrigation dams
 Loss of biodiversity due to encouragement /discouragement of specific species of plants
 VI Crop resources
 Unnatural crosses between species
 Transgenic breeding leading to modification of original characters of plants to destroy natural plant types interfering in natural regeneration process
 Tissue culture aided cloning
 VII Aquatic resources
 Excessive fishing around the coast
 Loss of biodiversity in aquatic population
 Premature fishing for commercial purpose
 Destruction of herbivorous fishes by carnivorous fishes
 VIII Animal resources
  Interference in natural breeding by in-vitro fertilization and artificial insemination technique
  Severe damage to community living in animals due to forced solitary rearing
 Hormonal regulation of physiology of animals
 Cloning of animals
 IX Wildlife resources
  Keeping the animals in captivity to derive entertainment value from them
  Killing the wild animals for pleasure (hunting) or for trading or for food
  Ignoring the ecobalance and biodiversity and failure to preserve them
 X Human resources
  Discriminating the human beings on sex
  Abuse of children as cheap source of labour
  Bonded labours
 XI Microbial resources  Biological wars and its agents like Anthrax


Reason for Misuse of Natural Resources

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a)Commercial interests like trading in products out of natural resources.

b) Ignorance on necessity to preserve natural resources.

c) Deliberate negligence on destruction of natural resource.

d) Entertainment / recreational / aesthetic interest.

e) Extreme population pressure.

f) Self interest of human beings over the interest to retain natural resources.

g) International trade and commitments.

h) Misuse of legislation.

i) Loop holes of provisions of law.

j) Protracted legal process.

k) Food interest

l) Luxuries required for man.

m) Increased industrial requirement.

n) Improvement of standard of living, GDP, per capita income and purchasing power.

o) Expectations of instantaneous returns.

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