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Seed Germination

In the life of most flowering plants, 3 distinct phases are seen.

i) Seed germination and vegetative growth phase

ii) Reproductive phase

iii) Senescence and death

germination of seed

Germination of Seed

The seed is the outcome of sexual reproduction in flowering plants. It represents the beginning of a new generation. A seed is defined as a fertilised mature ovule that possesses an embryonic plant, stored food material and a protective coat. A seed represents a miniature plant with an adequate supply of reserve food material for nourishment of the developing embryo inside the seed.

During this period, all life activities are temporarily suspended and the seed is said to be in suspended animation. When conditions become favourable, the seed assumes active life, germinates and grows into a new plant.


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