The Harlem Renaissance was a literary, cultural, artistic, social and intellectual movement that took place in Harlem amid the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s and sparked a new black cultural individuality initially called the New Negro Movement. According to Locke, the Harlem Renaissance altered "social disenchantment to race pride." The white literary institution soon became captivated with the writers of the Harlem Renaissance and started publication in larger numbers.
African Americans had suffered centuries of struggle for abolition and slavery. The abolishment of bondage did not bring the Promised Land that many had envisioned. Instead of stumbling in misery, the recently evicted kindled an explosion of cultural pride. Certainly, African American culture was reborn in the Harlem Renaissance.