A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system which uses one or more coordinates to determine the unique position of a point. Cartesian coordinate system is represents point graphically. The Cartesian coordinate system gives point locations by using positive and negative values.
Cartesian Coordinate systems are of two types:
Cartesian Coordinate System in Two Dimensions (Plane)
- Cartesian Coordinate System in Two Dimensions (Plane)
- Cartesian Coordinate System in Three Dimensions (3D)
The two dimensional Cartesian coordinate system is defined by two perpendicular lines (x - axis and y-axis). Both the axes intersect each other at the origin (0, 0). Two dimensional coordinate system is divided into four quadrants. The below diagram shows a two axis Cartesian coordinate system with two axes ( x-axis and y-axis).
Cartesian Coordinate System in Three Dimensions (3D)
In three dimensional Cartesian system a point is considered to be in space. A point is located from a fixed point by three dimensions x, y, and z. The x-axis and y-axis are same to that of the two-dimensional coordinate system. The z-axis is perpendicular to the x and y axes.